Different types of arthritis can affect our joints, and they may have different symptoms and severities. Arthritis is a condition that inflames the joints and results in painful symptoms. In severe arthritic cases, surgery may be required for the treatment. Joint replacement surgery is the commonly recommended procedure in severe cases where different types of Orthopedic Implants and Instruments are required.
In this post, we will talk about one of the arthritic forms known as psoriatic arthritis.
Psoriatic arthritis is a condition characterized by pain, swelling, and stiffness around the affected joint. This form of arthritis generally affects people who are already suffering from psoriasis, a skin condition where red patches with silvery scales occur on the skin. In some cases, people might experience joint problems before the appearance of red patches. According to reports, 3 out of 10 people having psoriasis suffer from psoriatic arthritis. Let us dive deep into the topic.
What is Psoriatic Arthritis?
Before we talk about psoriatic arthritis, let us talk about psoriasis first.
Psoriasis is a condition characterized by the development of red patches on the skin. Along with this, silvery scales also appear on the patches formed. Sometimes, people suffer from psoriatic arthritis first and psoriasis develops the year after that.
This form of arthritis can develop in any of the joints of our body including the spine and fingertips. Psoriatic arthritis has no cure as the treatment is given to manage symptoms. If the treatment is delayed, serious complications may be on the cards.
What Are the Symptoms Associated with the Condition?
Psoriatic arthritis is a chronic condition that becomes worse with time and sometimes, the condition could be disabling. The symptoms of this condition are similar to the ones shown by rheumatoid arthritis and hence, a thorough examination is important to correctly diagnose the condition. Some of the symptoms specifically shown by psoriatic arthritis may include:
- Swelling in fingers and toes
- Pain in the foot
- Inflammation in the eyes
- Nails may come out of the nail bed along with tiny dents
What Are the Causes of Psoriatic Arthritis?
Psoriatic arthritis is an autoimmune condition where the body’s own immune system attacks the healthy cells. This results in inflammation of joints along with the over-production of skin cells. This condition also has a genetic connection as people with a family history of psoriasis or psoriatic arthritis are also prone to developing this condition.
In people with inherited tendency, physical trauma may also trigger psoriatic arthritis.
How is the Condition Diagnosed?
The diagnosis of the condition is made by doing a physical examination at first. During the physical examination, the healthcare service provider will examine the joints for visible signs like swelling and tenderness. Fingernails are also checked for abnormalities. Besides this, certain imaging and pathological tests are also required to confirm that the arthritic form is psoriatic arthritis. The tests ordered may include:
- Joint fluid test
- RF factor
How Psoriatic Arthritis is Treated?
There is no complete cure for psoriatic arthritis, and hence, the treatment methods are aimed at relieving the symptoms associated with the condition. To improve inflammation and slow down the progression of arthritis, NSAIDs and DMARDs are prescribed.
Physical and occupational therapies might be helpful in improving pain. When all these methods fail, joint replacement surgery may be the last option.
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